The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire
For centuries, Great Britain dominated the planet with military superiority, building bases on every continent and joining those continents with international trade. Integral to this system was an advanced Navy, which boasted the cutting edge of technology in both design and structure.
The Royal British Navy once established and commanded the largest world military and worldwide trade enterprise ever seen. Necessary to this structure was one crop - held in such esteem that no naval ship left Britain without a storehouse of it's seeds for dissemination on foreign lands.
“...Hemp was so valuable, in terms of its contribution to the naval and trading successfulness of a nation, that wars were fought over it and, in some cases, pre-emptive strikes were staged on enemies to keep them from obtaining it.”
Followers of our blog will be familiar with several prominent past United States President's admiration of the hemp plant, but today we'll investigate the roots of their passion and discover that their love was fermented in the very land they fought so hard to liberate themselves from.
Hemp: Found in Smoke Shops, Head Shops and ...Navy Vessels?
Although you might be used to finding hemp next to water pipes and vaporizers at your local head shop, the commodity was so valuable to the maintenance and repair of British boats that a storehouse of hemp seeds was a requirement of all Naval vessels leaving port.
“Hemp arrived in Colonial America with the Puritans in the form of seed for planting and as fiber in the lines, sails and caulking of the Mayflower. British sailing vessels were never without a store of hemp seed, and Britain’s colonies were compelled by law to grow hemp.”
These seemingly extreme requirements become understandable by a quick l study of the plant’s naval usefulness. Firstly, it has a natural resistance to rotting, by means of it's antimicrobial properties. This is of obvious import for a fibre perpetually inundated with salt water and agitating by harsh weather conditions.
Hemp is three times stronger than cotton fibre, as well, making it an obvious preference for avoiding unnecessary maintenance and the danger of damage on the high seas - easily a mortal danger in many circumstances.
Henry the Eighth (of Herb)
In last month's article we talked about how hemp was mandatory to grow in early America but it turns out the law had an earlier iteration, found in British colonies. Hemp was recognized as so vital to the British national security that in 1533 King Henry VIII mandated that all farmers grow Hemp (or flax, another naturally antimicrobial fibre useful for naval efforts) or be subject to hefty fines. From the British Hemp Association:
“In 1533, King Henry VIII made hemp cultivation compulsory by law. For every 60 acres, farmers had to grow about 1/4 acre of flax or hemp, or else they would face a fine for breaking the law. They could even pay their taxes with Hemp.”
The Navy was the nation's priority in this regard, but wasn't the only reason British law mandated that every farmer share in the production of the plant. The fiber was used not only for sails and cordage (the massive ropes used to hold those sails in place), the plant was common for a number of other commodities, as well. As a fibre, hemp was time consuming to produce, but it's superior strength and resilience led to it's sustained popularity. Some figures estimate that until the invent of synthetic fibres in the 1920’s up to 80% of fibre used for clothes across the globe were made from hemp. Other commodities made from hemp were popular as well. Seeds remained a popular staple food item and oil from those seeds was used as an industrial lubricant and as a lamp fuel.
Foreign Hemp: a Threat to National Security
Britain's enormous appetite for hemp fueled an equally enormous industry across every country in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. So popular was the production of hemp in this region that many local place names are derived from the Celtic and Anglo-Saxon words for the plant, the most notable being Hampshire, which includes Southampton and Buckler's Shire - all important locations for the former Navy.
Over time, British prominence in world trade allowed for the importing of hemp fibre to overtake the economic benefits of growing the plant at home, and soon, a foreign dependence on Russian hemp, in particular, began to concern the Monarchy.
Hemp was vital to the maintenance of the Navy, and as a consequence, the economic stability of the British Empire. This threat of a foreign dependence on hemp was deliberated over in Parliament as a concern of national security but the debate was not to last long. Technological progress soon intervened by way of the steam engine, and Brittan's demand for hemp was eventually replaced by a demand for other materials to accommodate the strides in emerging technology.
710 Pipes carries a variety of products, including hemp wearables of your choosing, including JUULs and an extensive selection of vaporizers and vape supplies. We also carry hundreds of gorgeous glass pipes, water pipes, and accessories for every budget! Stop by our Northglenn head shop between 8AM-10PM, seven days a week. We have two Denver pipe shops open daily from 12-8PM (11AM-9PM Thursdays through Saturdays) – on Colfax and on Evans near DU. Denver University students get 10% off with a valid student ID!
There’s no need to delay your next smoke shop visit - come to 710 Pipes today. We’ll see you soon!